What to Expect with Egg Donor Medical Testing
The first priority of our egg donor cryobank is the health of our egg donors and recipients. Before donating eggs, you will be carefully screened to ensure that you are healthy and likely to respond well to the medications used in the egg donation process.
In addition to improving the odds of a successful donation, our extensive egg donor testing regimen gives you insight into your own health and fertility, at no cost to you.
Egg donor testing for ovarian reserve
Because the goal of egg donation is to obtain multiple eggs in one cycle, your egg donor testing will include several blood tests, a gynecological exam and an ultrasound to evaluate your ovarian reserve. Understanding your ovaries’ ability to produce eggs can also be useful for your own family planning.
The timing of these tests is important, as some must be performed on specific days of your menstrual cycle to accurately measure specific hormone levels and your body’s response to them. On the third day of your cycle, your fertility specialist will order blood tests to measure your blood levels of:
- Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
- Estradiol (E2)
- Anti-müllerian hormone (AMH)
Your fertility specialist will also perform a vaginal ultrasound assessment to count your pre-antral/antral ovarian follicles. If fewer than 10 follicles are seen, you may not qualify as a donor.
Additional blood work prior to donation
Our egg donor cryobank requires all donors to be drug-free and healthy, and so you will have either a blood or urine test to check for evidence of illicit drug use. Within 30 days of your scheduled donation, additional blood tests will be ordered to test:
- Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
- Complete blood count
- Blood type
- Rh factor
In accordance with requirements of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, blood work will also be ordered to check for sexually transmitted diseases, including:
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- HIV (the virus that causes AIDS)
An in-depth health check for potential donors
Additional egg donor testing will be performed to rule out genetic disorders. These blood tests are particularly valuable for women who are curious about whether they may carry an inheritable disease or disorder.
All donors are genetically tested for the cystic fibrosis mutation, and tests for other diseases – such as sickle cell anemia, thalassemia or Tay-Sachs disease – may also be performed based on ethnicity or family history.
Be sure to mention any specific concerns about your family history to your fertility specialist, and be aware that women with a personal history of certain conditions are excluded from our egg donor program.
- Cleft palate
- Spina bifida
- Congenital heart malformation
- Hip dislocation
- Hemoglobin disorder
- Hereditary hypercholesterolemia
- Neurofibromatosis (NF)
- Tuberous sclerosis
- Hereditary cancers
If your egg donor testing should reveal evidence of drug use, infectious disease or an inheritable genetic disease, you will be disqualified as a donor.